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8th World Pediatrics Conference, will be organized around the theme “Advancing Pediatric Healthcare: Innovation and Excellence”

WORLD PEDIATRICS 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in WORLD PEDIATRICS 2024

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Pediatric nutrition ensures children receive essential nutrients and calories for growth and development from infancy to 18 years. Lack of nutrition leads to improper development and illnesses like anemia or scurvy. Proper nutrition in childhood prevents chronic diseases and promotes healthy growth. Breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition, including antibodies for immunity. Nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins are crucial for balanced nutrition. Healthy fats from fish, nuts, and vegetable oils support brain development. Limiting sugary foods prevents obesity and dental issues. Parents encourage healthy habits by modeling good eating behaviors and preparing nutritious meals. Investing in children's nutrition ensures a healthy society.


Pediatric Infectious Disease is a focused on the multidisciplinary field of pediatric infectious diseases.. This covers a broad range of topics, including vaccine development and safety, viral and bacterial infections, pediatric HIV, global health initiatives, antimicrobial stewardship, infections in immunocompromised patients, and transplant immunology. With contributions from physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and scientists, it offers valuable insights and research findings to advance the understanding and management of infectious diseases in children. As a peer-reviewed publication, it provides a platform for disseminating cutting-edge research and fostering collaboration among experts in the field.


Pediatric anesthesia involves administering anesthetics to neonates, infants, or children undergoing surgery. Due to their immature body functions, special preoperative considerations are essential. Physicians examine patients, assess family history of anesthesia, drug allergies, and medical history. Pediatric patients must follow pre-anesthetic fasting guidelines to ensure safe anesthesia administration. Breastfed infants fast for at least four hours, solid food consumers for eight hours, and formula-fed infants for six hours. This ensures patients are relaxed and their bodies are prepared for anesthesia. Anesthesia induction involves administering sedatives, analgesics, or anticholinergics. Inhalation is a common method for induction. Pediatric anesthesia requires meticulous care to ensure safe and effective surgery for young patients.


Pediatric allergy and immunology focuses on diagnosing and managing allergies, asthma, eczema, and other immune system disorders in children. Pediatric allergist-immunologists identify triggers and intervene with preventive and treatment strategies to reduce symptoms and reactions. Allergies and immunologic conditions affect millions of children globally, often beginning in childhood and being highly treatable. Treatment may involve avoiding triggers and using medications like intranasal steroids or antihistamines. Allergy immunotherapy, or allergy shots, can decrease sensitivity to allergens, offering lasting relief. In children with allergy-triggered asthma, shots can reduce symptoms like watery eyes, runny nose, coughing, and wheezing. However, they're not recommended for children under five, and food allergies aren't treated with immunotherapy. Pediatric allergist-immunologists are MDs or DOs with specialized training in these conditions.


Children can develop allergies to various substances, including pollen, dust mites, pet dander, food, medications, and insect bites. Allergic reactions can affect different parts of the body, including the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, lungs, skin, and gastrointestinal system. Symptoms may include red or teary eyes, runny nose, sneezing, itching of the mouth and throat, wheezing, eczema, hives, vomiting, or diarrhea.For skin allergies, doctors may recommend daily bathing with non-soap cleansers, moisturizing after bathing, and using anti-inflammatory medications like topical steroids or nonsteroidal creams.In the case of significant allergic reactions, urgent medical care is necessary. While most allergy-related care occurs in a doctor's office, severe reactions require immediate attention.Children tend to have more food allergies than adults, but many outgrow them as they age. Adults are more likely to be allergic to pollen than young children.


Asthma inflames the airways, increases mucus production, and tightens airway smooth muscles, leading to coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness. Pediatric allergists treat acute asthma with short-acting medication to open airways. Chronic asthma may require regular medication, like inhaled corticosteroids, to reduce inflammation.Pediatric allergists and immunologists diagnose and treat a broad spectrum of medical conditions, from common to complex and rare. These include AIDS/HIV, anaphylaxis, atopic dermatitis, cystic fibrosis, drug sensitivity, eczema, environmental allergies, and food and drug allergies. They also address immune deficiency, insect bites, sinusitis, lupus, and urticaria (hives). Additionally, they manage immune disorders manifesting as frequent sinusitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, recurring thrush, abscesses, or severe infections. By offering comprehensive care, pediatric allergist-immunologists ensure children receive optimal treatment for their conditions.


Pediatric allergists and immunologists employ various tests to assess allergies, asthma, and immune conditions in children, such as skin testing. During this procedure, the doctor uses a small device to prick the skin on the upper back or arm with an allergen. If the patient reacts positively to the allergen after about 15 minutes, the pricked area resembles a mosquito bite, indicating sensitivity. Different tests are available for different allergens, tailored to each patient's needs.


Pediatric Urology is a specialized field focusing on diagnosing and managing urinary tract and reproductive system issues in children. Pediatric urologists are experts in congenital abnormalities and genitourinary diseases in newborns. Common concerns prompting consultation include hernias, undescended testicles, testicular swelling, bedwetting, and recurrent urinary tract infections.These specialists undergo rigorous training to understand the unique anatomical and physiological differences in children's urinary and reproductive systems. They employ various diagnostic tools, including imaging and urine tests, to accurately diagnose conditions.Treatment in pediatric urology may involve surgical correction, medication, and behavioral therapy tailored to the child's age and developmental stage. Collaborating closely with pediatricians and nephrologists, pediatric urologists ensure comprehensive care, emphasizing early intervention and ongoing management to optimize outcomes and promote normal urinary and reproductive function in children.


Pediatric Cardiology focuses on diagnosing and treating heart conditions in infants, children, and adolescents, including congenital defects and acquired conditions. Pediatric cardiologists are extensively trained to understand pediatric cardiovascular anatomy and pathology, utilizing diagnostic tools like echocardiography and electrocardiography. Treatment may involve medication, cardiac catheterization, surgery, and rehabilitation, tailored to each child's needs. Collaboration with healthcare professionals ensures comprehensive care for the child's well-being. Early detection and ongoing management are essential for optimal outcomes.Pediatric oncology specializes in studying and treating childhood cancers. Unique cancers in children include leukemia, brain tumors, neuroblastoma, and lymphoma. Pediatric oncologists, trained pediatricians with expertise in cancer treatment, diagnose and suggest tailored treatment plans, often relying on chemotherapy. Diagnosis involves medical history, family history, imaging tests, and sometimes biopsies. Early symptoms may include weight loss, vision changes, headaches, and unexplained pain. Prompt medical attention is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment.


Children experiencing issues with growth, puberty, diabetes, or other hormonal disorders, a pediatric endocrinologist may provide treatment. Hormones regulate various bodily functions, including growth and maturation, and are released by endocrine glands like the pituitary and thyroid glands. Pediatric endocrinologists diagnose and manage a range of conditions, from growth problems and puberty issues to thyroid and adrednal gland disorders, diabetes, and vitamin D deficiencies.Pediatric orthopedics specializes in addressing musculoskeletal issues in children, from birth to adolescence. This field encompasses congenital abnormalities, developmental disorders, and traumatic injuries. Treatment options include non-surgical interventions such as bracing and physical therapy, as well as surgical procedures tailored to the child's needs. Early intervention and collaboration with other specialists are crucial for promoting healthy musculoskeletal development and optimizing outcomes in children.


Regarding Pediatric HIV, 90% of infected babies acquire the virus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Timely treatment can prevent transmission, but not all mothers have access to it. Pediatric HIV progresses faster than in adults, leading to symptoms like slow growth, severe wasting, infections, and tuberculosis. Diagnosis involves antibody testing, viral load measurement, and CD4 cell count. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) aims to suppress the virus, preserve immune function, and improve health outcomes. Comprehensive care includes monitoring for infections, vaccinations, and psychosocial support for the child and family, ensuring optimal adherence to therapy and long-term well-being.



Pediatric Nephrology specializes in diagnosing, treating, and managing kidney-related disorders in children from infancy to adolescence. Kidneys play a vital role in filtering waste, regulating electrolytes, and maintaining fluid balance. Pediatric nephrologists receive extensive training to comprehend the unique aspects of pediatric kidney physiology. Conditions treated include congenital kidney anomalies, inherited diseases like polycystic kidney disease, acquired disorders such as glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome, and urinary tract infections. Diagnosis involves clinical evaluation, lab tests, imaging studies, and sometimes kidney biopsy. Treatment may comprise medication, dietary adjustments, fluid management, and surgical interventions like transplantation. Collaborating with a multidisciplinary team, including pediatricians and transplant surgeons, pediatric nephrologists provide comprehensive care tailored to each child's needs. Regular monitoring and follow-up ensure optimal outcomes and disease management.


Pediatric surgical innovation encompasses advancements tailored to the unique needs of children, spanning minimally invasive techniques, surgical robotics, tissue engineering, and personalized medicine. These innovations aim to improve surgical outcomes, reduce recovery time, and minimize complications for pediatric patients undergoing surgery. Examples include laparoscopic and robotic-assisted procedures for complex surgeries, 3D printing for custom implants and surgical planning, and gene therapy for congenital conditions. Through ongoing research and collaboration between pediatric surgeons, engineers, and scientists, these innovations continue to push the boundaries of pediatric surgical care, ultimately enhancing the quality of life for children worldwide.


Pediatric neurology focuses on diagnosing and treating nervous system disorders in children. Symptoms can vary widely, including seizures, developmental delays, muscle weakness, headaches, and balance problems. Diagnosis begins with a detailed medical history, neurological examination, and often involves diagnostic tests like EEG, MRI, CT scans, and genetic testing to pinpoint the underlying cause.Treatment in pediatric neurology is tailored to the specific condition and symptoms. It may involve medications to manage seizures, control pain, or improve muscle function. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy can help improve motor skills, communication, and overall quality of life. In some cases, dietary modifications, such as ketogenic diet for epilepsy, are recommended. Surgical interventions, like epilepsy surgery or shunt placement for hydrocephalus, may be necessary for certain conditions.Pediatric neurologists work closely with other specialists, therapists, and caregivers to provide comprehensive care, support families, and optimize outcomes for children with neurological disorders. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial for maximizing developmental potential and improving long-term prognosis.


Pediatric Dermatology specializes in diagnosing and treating skin conditions in children, covering a wide range of issues from birthmarks and rashes to more complex disorders like genetic skin diseases. Symptoms vary greatly and can include rashes, itching, redness, swelling, bumps, or changes in skin color or texture.Diagnosis typically involves a thorough examination of the skin, review of the child's medical history, and sometimes additional tests like skin biopsies or allergy testing to identify the underlying cause.Treatment options in pediatric dermatology are diverse and may include topical creams or ointments, oral medications, phototherapy, laser therapy, or surgical procedures depending on the condition. Lifestyle modifications, such as changes in skincare routines or avoiding triggers, may also be recommended.Pediatric dermatologists collaborate closely with other specialists and healthcare providers to provide comprehensive care tailored to each child's needs. They work closely with families to educate them about the condition, discuss treatment options, and provide support throughout the management process. Early intervention and ongoing management are essential for effectively addressing pediatric skin conditions and promoting skin health in children.